Fed Cup Tennis Competition Since 1963

Fed Cup Tennis Competition Since 1963

Fed Cup Tennis Team Competition

Victor P Taffa

Fed Cup is the premier international team event in women’s tennis and is run by the International Tennis Federation (ITF).

Fed Cup was launched in 1963 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the International Tennis Federation (ITF). Until 1995 the competition was known as the Federation Cup.

Men’s equivalent of the Fed Cup is the Davis Cup. Australia, Czech Republic and the United States are the only countries to have held both Fed Cup and Davis Cup titles in the same year.

 

Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman

Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman dominated American women’s tennis before World War I, and won 45 U.S. titles during her career.

Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman overall won 16 titles at the U.S. Championships.

  • 4 in singles (1909, 1910, 1911, 1919)
  • 9 of her titles at the U.S. Championships came in 1909–11, when she swept the singles, women’s doubles, and mixed doubles competitions for 3 consecutive years.

In 1973, Queen Elizabeth II made her an honorary Commander of the Order of the British Empire.

 

History

In 1919, Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman had an idea for a women’s team tennis competition. This was not adopted but she persisted, presenting a trophy at the 1923 annual contest between the United States and Great Britain being named the Wightman Cup.

Nell Hopman, wife of Australian Davis Cup Captain Harry Hopman, later took up Mrs. Wightman’s original idea.

In 1962, a British resident of the United States, Mary Hardwick Hare, presented a paper proving that support for such an event was overwhelming, persuading the ITF that it was a ‘good idea’ to have a team championship played over one week in a different venue each year.

40 years after Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman’s idea of a women’s Davis Cup, it became a reality.

In 1963, the ITF launched the Federation Cup to celebrate its 50th anniversary. Open to all nations the competition.

 

Wightman Cup

Originally the Fed Cup was named the Wightman Cup. In the same way that the Davis Cup was named and considering the domination of Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman in women’s tennis it would be more than appropriate to revert and rename the Fed Cup as the Wightman Cup.

Considering that it was originally the idea of Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman to have a women’s competition, it would not be out of place to revert the name of the competition back to the Wightman Cup.

Name of Fed Cup clashes with that of the name of a parcel delivery company and also the nickname of men’s tennis player Roger Federer which is Fed Express.

4 major Tennis Championships provides both men and women with equal standing in the game. Mens Team and Womens Team competitions should both be named after people of standing in Tennis History. Davis Cup has such a name. Fed Cup should revert to being named the Wightman Cup.

Both Dwight Davis and Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman were from the United States and as such the Fed Cup should revert to being named the Wightman Cup.

Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Format

16 countries qualify for the elite World Group and World Group II each year (8 in World Group and 8 in World Group II).

 

List Of Fed Cup Champions

Following teams have won the Fed Cup (Federation Cup until 1994) since it began in 1963.

 

Fed Cup Finals 2019 Schedule

Fed Cup Finals will take place between 9-10 November 2019.

 

List Of Finals

Year    Winner                       Score               Runner-Up

2019   

2018    Czech Republic           3-0       United States

2017    United States              3-2       Belarus

2016    Czech Republic           3-2       France

2015    Czech Republic           3-2       Russia

2014    Czech Republic           3-1       Germany

2013    Italy                             4-0       Russia

2012    Czech Republic           3-1       Serbia

2011    Czech Republic           3-2       Russia

2010    Italy                             3-1       United States

2009    Italy                             4-0       United States

2008    Russia                          4-0       Spain

2007    Russia                          4-0       Italy

2006    Italy                             3-2       Belgium

2005    Russia                          3-2       France

2004    Russia                          3-2       France

2003    France                         4-1       United States

2002    Slovakia                      3-1       Spain

2001    Belgium                       2-1       Russia

2000    United States              5-0       Spain

1999    United States              4-1       Russia

1998    Spain                           3-2       Switzerland

1997    France                         4-1       Netherlands

1996    United States              5-0       Spain

1995    Spain                           3-2       United States

1994    Spain                           3-0       United States

1993    Spain                           3-0       Australia

1992    Germany                     2-1       Spain

1991    Spain                           2-1       United States

1990    United States              2-1       Soviet Union

1989    United States              3-0       Spain

1988    Czechoslovakia           2-1       Soviet Union

1987    West Germany            2-1       United States

1986    United States              3-0       Czechoslovakia

1985    Czechoslovakia           2-1       United States

1984    Czechoslovakia           2-1       Australia

1983    Czechoslovakia           2-1       West Germany

1982    United States              3-0       West Germany

1981    United States              3-0       Great Britain

1980    United States              3-0       Australia

1979    United States              3-0       Australia

1978    United States              2-1       Australia

1977    United States              2-1       Australia

1976    United States              2-1       Australia

1975    Czechoslovakia           3-0       Australia

1974    Australia                      2-1       United States

1973    Australia                      3-0       South Africa

1972    South Africa                2-1       Great Britain

1971    Australia                      3-0       Great Britain

1970    Australia                      3-0       West Germany

1969    United States              2-1       Australia

1968    Australia                      3-0       Netherlands

1967    United States              2-0       Great Britain

1966    United States              3-0       West Germany

1965    Australia                      2-1       United States

1964    Australia                      2-1       United States

1963    United States              2-1       Australia

 

Overall Performance By Team (Listed Alphabetically)

Australia

Winning Years: (7)

1964, 1965, 1968, 1970, 1971, 1973, 1974,

Runner-Up Years: (10)

1963, 1969, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1984, 1993,

 

Belarus

Winning Years: (0)

Runner-Up Years: (1)

2017,

 

Belgium

Winning Years: (1)

2001,

Runner-Up Years: (1)

2006,

 

Czechoslovakia/ Czech Republic

Winning Years: (11)

1975, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2018,

Runner-Up Years: (1)

1986,

 

France

Winning Years: (2)

1997, 2003,

Runner-Up Years: (3)

2004, 2005, 2016,

 

Great Britain

Winning Years: (0)

Runner-Up Years: (4)

1967, 1971, 1972, 1981,

 

Italy

Winning Years: (4)

2006, 2009, 2010, 2013,

Runner-Up Years: (1)

2007,

 

Netherlands

Winning Years: (0)

Runner-Up Years: (2)

1968, 1997

 

Serbia

Winning Years: (0)

Runner-Up Years: (1)

2012,

 

Slovakia

Winning Years: (1)

2002,

Runner-Up Years: (0)

 

South Africa

Winning Years: (1)

1972,

Runner-Up Years: (1)

1973,

 

Soviet Union/ Russia

Winning Years: (4)

2004, 2005, 2007, 2008,

Runner-Up Years: (7)

1988, 1990, 1999, 2001, 2011, 2013, 2015,

 

Spain

Winning Years: (5)

1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1998,

Runner-Up Years: (6)

1989, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2002, 2008,

 

Switzerland

Winning Years: (0)

Runner-Up Years: (1)

1998,

 

United States

Winning Years: (18)

1963, 1966, 1967, 1969, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1986, 1989, 1990, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2017,

Runner-Up Years: (12)

1964, 1965, 1974, 1985, 1987, 1991, 1994, 1995, 2003, 2009, 2010, 2018,

 

West Germany/ Germany

Winning Years: (2)

1987, 1992,

Runner-Up Years: (5)

1966, 1970, 1982, 1983, 2014,

 

Caption:

Fed Cup Trophy