Davis Cup Tennis Competition 1900-2019

Davis Cup Tennis Competition 1900-2019

Davis Cup Tennis Team Competition

Victor P Taffa

Davis Cup is the premier international team event in men’s tennis and is run by the International Tennis Federation (ITF).

Davis Cup is contested annually between teams from competing countries in a knock-out format.

Women’s equivalent of the Davis Cup is the Fed Cup. Australia, Czech Republic and the United States are the only countries to have held both Davis Cup and Fed Cup titles in the same year.

 

Dwight Filley Davis, Sr.

Dwight Filley Davis, Sr. (July 5, 1879 – November 28, 1945) was an American tennis player and politician. Although Dwight Davis was best remembered as the founder of the Davis Cup international tennis competition.

Dwight Davis was Assistant Secretary of War from 1923-25 and Secretary of War from 1925-29.

Dwight Filley Davis was born in St. Louis, Missouri on 5 July 1879. His grandfather, Oliver Dwight Filley was mayor of St. Louis from 1858-61. His cousin, Chauncey Ives Filley served as mayor of St. Louis from 1863-64.

Dwight Davis reached the All-Comers final for the Men’s Singles title at the US Championships in 1898 and 1899. He then teamed up with Holcombe Ward and won the Men’s Doubles title at the championships for 3 years in a row from 1899-1901. Dwight Davis and Holcombe Ward were also Men’s Doubles runners-up at Wimbledon in 1901.

Dwight Davis also won the American intercollegiate singles championship of 1899 as a student at Harvard College.

In 1900 Dwight Davis developed the structure for, and donated a silver bowl to go to the winner of, a new international tennis competition designed by him and three others known as the International Lawn Tennis Challenge, which was later renamed the Davis Cup in his honour.

History

Idea for a tournament pitting the best British and Americans in competition against one another was most likely first conceived by James Dwight, the first president of the United States National Lawn Tennis Association when it formed in 1881.

International competitions had been staged for some time before the first Davis Cup match in 1900. Since 1892, England and Ireland had been competing in an annual national-team-based competition, similar to what would become the standard Davis Cup format, mixing single and doubles matches, and in 1895 England played against France in a national team competition.

Diplomatic relations between Great Britain and the United Stated on the tennis front had strengthened such that, by the mid-1890’s, reciprocal tours were staged annually between players of the two nations, and an ensuing friendship between American William Larned and Irishman Harold Mahony encouraged efforts to formalize an official team competition between the two nations.

During William Larned’s tour of the British Isles in 1896, where he competed in several tournaments including the Wimbledon Championships, he was also a spectator for the annual England vs. Ireland match. He returned to exclaim that Britain had agreed to send a group of three to the US the following summer, which would represent the first British lawn tennis ‘team’ to compete in the U.S.

Some weeks before William Larned left for his British tour, the idea for an international competition was discussed also between leading figures in American lawn tennis, one of whom was tennis journalist Edwin P. Fischer at a tournament in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario.

Dwight Filley Davis was in attendance at this tournament, and was thought to have got wind of the idea as it was discussed in the tournament’s popular magazine.

Dwight Filley Davis’s name was mentioned as someone who might “do something for the game … put up some big prize, or cup.”

William Larned and Edwin P. Fischer met on several occasions that summer and discussed the idea of an international match to be held in Chicago the following summer, pitting six of the best British players against six of the best Americans, in a mixture of singles and doubles matches.

This was mentioned in two articles in the Chicago Tribune, but did not come to fruition. Nevertheless, the following summer, Great Britain though not under the official auspices of the Lawn Tennis Association sent three of its best players to compete in several US tournaments.

Their relatively poor performances convinced James Dwight and other leading officials and figures in American lawn tennis that the time was right for a properly sanctioned international competition.

This was to be staged in Newcastle in July 1898. The event never took place as the Americans could not field a sufficiently strong team. A reciprocal tour to the U.S. in 1899 amounted to just a single British player travelling overseas, as many of the players were involved in overseas armed conflicts.

It was at this juncture, in the summer of 1899, that four members of the Harvard University tennis team with Dwight Davis included travelled across the States to challenge the best west-coast talent, and upon his return, it apparently occurred to Dwight Davis that if teams representing regions could arouse such great feelings, then why wouldn’t a tennis event that pitted national teams in competition be just as successful.

He approached James Dwight with the idea, which was tentatively agreed, and he ordered an appropriate sterling silver punchbowl trophy from Shreve, Crump & Low, purchasing it from his own funds for about $1,000.

They in turn commissioned a classically styled design from William B, Durgin’s of Concord, New Hampshire, crafted by the Englishman Rowland Rhodes.

Beyond donating a trophy for the competition, however, Dwight Davis’s involvement in the incipient development of the tournament that came to bear his name was negligible, yet a persistent myth emerged that Dwight Davis devised both the idea for an international tennis competition and its format of mixing singles and doubles matches.

Research has shown this to be a myth, similar in its exaggeration of a single individual’s efforts within a highly complex long-term development to the myths of William Webb Ellis and Abner Doubleday, who have both been wrongly credited with inventing rugby and baseball, respectively.

Dwight Davis nevertheless went on to become a prominent politician in the United States in the 1920’s, serving as US Secretary of War from 1925-29 and as Governor-General of the Philippines from 1929-32.

First match, between the United States and Britain (competing as the ‘British Isles’), was held at the Longwood Cricket Club in Boston, Massachusetts in 1900.

American team, of which Dwight Davis was a part, surprised the British by winning the first three matches. The following year the two countries did not compete.

US won the match in 1902 and Britain won the following four matches. By 1905 the tournament expanded to include Belgium, Austria, France and Australasia, which was a combined team from Australia and New Zealand that competed together until 1914.

Tournament was initially titled the International Lawn Tennis Challenge although it soon became known as the Davis Cup after Dwight Davis’ trophy.

Davis Cup competition was initially played as a challenge cup.

All teams competed against one another for the right to face the previous year’s champion in the final round.

Format

16 best national teams are assigned to the World Group and compete annually for the Davis Cup. Nations which are not in the World Group compete in one of three regional zones (Americas, Asia/Oceania, and Europe/Africa).

Davis Cup Finals 2019 Schedule

Davis Cup Finals took take place between 18-24 November 2019.

Dwight Filley Davis

 

Davis Cup Finals

Year    Winner            Score               Runner-Up

2019    Spain                           2-0                   Canada

2018    Croatia                        3-1                   France

2017    France                         3-2                   Belgium

2016    Argentina                    3-2                   Croatia

2015    Great Britain               3-1                   Belgium

2014    Switzerland                 3-1                   France

2013    Czech Republic           3-2                   Serbia

2012    Czech Republic           3-2                   Spain

2011    Spain                           3-1                   Argentina

2010    Serbia                          3-2                   France

2009    Spain                           5-0                   Czech Republic

2008    Spain                           3-1                   Argentina

2007    United States              4-1                   Russia

2006    Russia                          3-2                   Argentina

2005    Croatia                        3-2                   Slovakia

2004    Spain                           3-2                   United States

2003    Australia                      3-1                   Spain

2002    Russia                          3-2                   France

2001    France                         3-2                   Australia

2000    Spain                           3-1                   Australia

1999    Australia                      3-2                   France

1998    Sweden                       4-1                   Italy

1997    Sweden                       5-0                   United States

1996    France                         3-2                   Sweden

1995    United States              3-2                   Russia

1994    Sweden                       4-1                   Russia

1993    Germany                     4-1                   Australia

1992    United States              3-1                   Switzerland

1991    France                         3-1                   United States

1990    United States              3-2                   Australia

1989    West Germany            3-2                   Sweden

1988    West Germany            4-1                   Sweden

1987    Sweden                       5-0                   India

1986    Australia                      3-2                   Sweden

1985    Sweden                       3-2                   West Germany

1984    Sweden                       4-1                   United States

1983    Australia                      3-2                   Sweden

1982    United States              4-1                   France

1981    United States              3-1                   Argentina

1980    Czechoslovakia           4-1                   Italy

1979    United States              5-0                   Italy

1978    United States              4-1                   Great Britain

1977    Australia                      3-1                   Italy

1976    Italy                             4-1                   Chile

1975    Sweden                       3-2                   Czechoslovakia

1974    South Africa                w/o                  India

1973    Australia                      5-0                   United States

1972    United States              3-2                   Romania

1971    United States              3-2                   Romania

1970    United States              5-0                   West Germany

1969    United States              5-0                   Romania

1968    United States              4-1                   Australia

1967    Australia                      4-1                   Spain

1966    Australia                      4-1                   India

1965    Australia                      4-1                   Spain

1964    Australia                      3-2                   United States

1963    United States              3-2                   Australia

1962    Australia                      5-0                   Mexico

1961    Australia                      5-0                   Italy

1960    Australia                      4-1                   Italy

1959    Australia                      3-2                   United States

1958    United States              3-2                   Australia

1957    Australia                      3-2                   United States

1956    Australia                      5-0                   United States

1955    Australia                      5-0                   United States

1954    United States              3-2                   Australia

1953    Australia                      3-2                   United States

1952    Australia                      4-1                   United States

1951    Australia                      3-2                   United States

1950    Australia                      4-1                   United States

1949    United States              4-1                   Australia

1948    United States              5-0                   Australia

1947    United States              4-1                   Australia

1946    United States              5-0                   Australia

1945    Not Contested

1944    Not Contested

1943    Not Contested

1942    Not Contested

1941    Not Contested

1940    Not Contested

1939    Australia                      3-2                   United States

1938    United States              3-2                   Australia

1937    United States              4-1                   Great Britain

1936    Great Britain               3-2                   Australia

1935    Great Britain               5-0                   United States

1934    Great Britain               4-1                   United States

1933    Great Britain               3-2                   France

1932    France                         3-2                   United States

1931    France                         3-2                   Great Britain

1930    France                         4-1                   United States

1929    France                         3-2                   United States

1928    France                         4-1                   United States

1927    France                         3-2                   United States

1926    United States              4-1                   France

1925    United States              5-0                   France

1924    United States              5-0                   Australia

1923    United States              4-1                   Australia

1922    United States              4-1                   Australasia

1921    United States              5-0                   Japan

1920    United States              5-0                   Australasia

1919    Australasia                  4-1                   Great Britain

1918    Not Contested

1917    Not Contested

1916    Not Contested

1915    Not Contested

1914    Australasia                  3-2                   United States

1913    United States              3-2                   Great Britain

1912    British Isles                 3-2                   Australasia

1911    Australasia                  4-0                   United States

1910    Not Contested

1909    Australasia                  5-0                   United States

1908    Australasia                  3-2                   United States

1907    Australasia                  3-2                   British Isles

1906    British Isles                 5-0                   United States

1905    British Isles                 5-0                   United States

1904    British Isles                 5-0                   Belgium

1903    British Isles                 4-1                   United States

1902    United States              3-2                   British Isles

1901    Not Contested

1900    United States              3-0                   British Isles

 

Overall Performance By Team (Listed Alphabetically)

Argentina

Winning Years: (1)

2016,

Runner-Up Years: (4)

1981, 2006, 2008, 2011,

Australasia/ Australia

Winning Years: (28)

1907, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1914, 1919, 1939, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1973, 1977, 1983, 1986, 1999, 2003,

Runner-Up Years: (19)

1912, 1920, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1936, 1938, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1954, 1958, 1963, 1968, 1990, 1993, 2000, 2001,

Belgium

Winning Years: (0)

 

Runner-Up Years: (3)

  1. 2015, 2017,

Canada

Winning Years: (0)

 

Runner-Up Years: (1)

2019,

Chile

Winning Years: (0)

 

Runner-Up Years: (1)

1976,

Croatia

Winning Years: (2)

2005, 2018,

Runner-Up Years: (1)

2016,

Czechoslovakia/ Czech Republic

Winning Years: (3)

1980, 2012, 2013,

Runner-Up Years: (2)

1975, 2009,

France

Winning Years: (10)

1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2017,

Runner-Up Years: (9)

1925, 1926, 1933, 1982, 1999, 2002, 2010, 2014, 2018,

Great Britain

Winning Years: (10)

1903, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1912, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, 2015,

Runner-Up Years: (8)

1900, 1902, 1907, 1931, 1919, 1931, 1937, 1978,

India

Winning Years: (0)

 

Runner-Up Years: (3)

1966, 1974, 1987,

Italy

Winning Years: (1)

1976,

Runner-Up Years: (6)

1960, 1961, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1998,

Japan

Winning Years: (0)

 

Runner-Up Years: (1)

1921,

Mexico

Winning Years: (0)

 

Runner-Up Years: (1)

1962,

Romania

Winning Years: (0)

 

Runner-Up Years: (3)

1969, 1971, 1972,

Russia

Winning Years: (2)

2002, 2006,

Runner-Up Years: (3)

1994, 1995, 2007,

Serbia

Winning Years: (1)

2010,

Runner-Up Years: (1)

2013,

Slovakia

Winning Years: (0)

 

Runner-Up Years: (1)

2005,

South Africa

Winning Years: (1)

1974,

Runner-Up Years: (0)

 

Spain

Winning Years: (6)

2000, 2004, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2019,

Runner-Up Years: (4)

1965, 1967, 2003, 2012,

Sweden

Winning Years: (7)

1975, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1994, 1997, 1998,

Runner-Up Years: (5)

1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1996,

Switzerland

Winning Years: (1)

2014,

Runner-Up Years: (1)

1992,

United States

Winning Years: (32)

1900, 1902, 1913, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1937, 1938, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1954, 1958, 1963, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1990, 1992, 1995, 2007,

Runner-Up Years: (29)

1903, 1905, 1906, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1914, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1932, 1934, 1935, 1939, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959, 1964, 1973, 1984, 1991, 1997, 2004,

West Germany/ Germany

Winning Years: (3)

1988, 1989, 1993,

Runner-Up Years: (2)

1970, 1985,

 

Australia Davis Cup Team

Australia won the Davis Cup 6 times with New Zealand as a combined Australasia team (1905–1922).

History

Australian players began playing Davis Cup in 1905 as a part of Australasia Davis Cup team which also allowed players from New Zealand to compete in the same team. Australasia team won 6 times in years 1907, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1914, 1919. However, Anthony Wilding was the only New Zealander to play in the team while it existed. Following World War I the Australian Davis Cup team was created in 1919 and has assumed all Australasian Davis Cup team records.

Australasia Davis Cup Team

Australasia Davis Cup team represented Australia and New Zealand in Davis Cup competition, and was governed by the Australasian Lawn Tennis Association. It competed from 1905-22. Following 1922 the nations competed as:

  • Australia Davis Cup team began in 1923, assuming all historical records
  • New Zealand Davis Cup team began in 1924

History

In October 1904, New Zealand Tennis Association contacted Australian officials with a proposal to enter a combined team at the 1905 Davis Cup. This proposal was accepted in January 1905 when New Zealand reluctantly agreed to form a joint Australasian Lawn Tennis Association.

Davis Cup Titles: (6)

1907, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1914, 1919

Runner-Up Years: (1)

1912,

Czechoslovakia Davis Cup Team

Czechoslovakia Davis Cup team competed from 1921-92 winning once in 1980. Since 1993 the nations competed as:

  • Czech Republic Davis Cup team with historical records assumed by Czech Republic
  • Slovakia Davis Cup team

Czech Republic Davis Cup Team

Czech Republic Davis Cup team represents the Czech Republic in Davis Cup tennis competition and is governed by the Czech Tennis Federation. Czech team began in 1993 following the break-up of Czechoslovakia.

Czech Republic won the Davis Cup in:

  • 1980 as Czechoslovakia
  • 2012, 2013 as Czech Republic

Czech Republic team currently competes in the Europe/Africa Zone I in 2019. It has played in the World Group in all but one year since it was created in 1981, sharing this record with the United States.

History

Czech Republic competed in its first Davis Cup in 1921 as Czechoslovakia.

West Germany/ Germany Davis Cup Team

Germany Davis Cup team represents Germany in Davis Cup tennis competition and is governed by the Deutscher Tennis Bund. East Germany never competed in the Davis Cup.

Davis Cup Titles: (3)

1988, 1989, 1993

Runner-Up Years: (2)

1970, 1985

Explanatory Notes:

Walkover (w/o)

A walkover is the awarding of a victory to a contestant as there are no other contestants or the other contestants have been disqualified. This occurred at the 1974 Davis Cup Final.

Caption:

Davis Cup Trophy