In Industry

Australian Bureau Of Statistics

Business Resources Devoted To Research And Experimental Development (R&D)

Victor P Taffa

During 2008-09, expenditure on R&D by Australian businesses was $16,858 Million. Business expenditure on R&D (BERD) increased by 13% in Current Price Terms and 9% in chain volume terms from 2007-08.

Business Human Resources devoted to R&D in 2008-09 totalled 53,556 person years of effort (PYE), an increase of 5% from 2007-08.

Business Resources Devoted To R&D


2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09


Expenditure on R&D
Current prices
Value$m

8, 676

10, 434

112, 639

114, 907

16, 858

Dollar change$m

907

1, 758

2, 205

2, 268

1, 951

Percentage change%

12

20

21

18

13

Chain volume measures(a)
Value$m

9, 665

11, 132

13, 444

15, 467

16, 858

Dollar change$m

703

1, 467

2, 312

2, 024

1, 391

Percentage change%

8

15

21

15

9


Human resources devoted to R&D
ValuePYE

40, 458

43, 686

146, 462

150, 863

53, 556

PYE changePYE

3, 028

3, 228

2, 776

4, 401

2, 693

Percentage change%

8

8

6

9

5


r revised
(a)     The reference year for chain volume measures is 2008-09.Subsequent expenditure figures and supporting commentary relate to current price terms. BERD and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) BERD as a Proportion of GDP increased between 2007-08 and 2008-09, moving from 1.26% to 1.34%.

BERD, as a proportion of GDP (a)

The following table shows BERD/GDP ratios for Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. Although Australia’s BERD/GDP ratio for 2008-09 remained below the Total OECD ratio of 1.63%, its growth from 2007-08 (0.08 percentage points) was greater than the growth in the Total OECD ratio (0.05 percentage points).

BERD/GDP RATIOS OF OECD COUNTRIES(a)(b)(c)


2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

%

%

%

%

%


Sweden

2.67

2.62

2.79

2.66

2.78

Finland

2.42

2.47

2.46

2.51

2.77

Japan

2.38

2.54

2.63

2.68

2.69

Korea

2.06

2.15

2.33

2.45

2.54

Switzerland

2.14

na

na

na

2.21

United States of America

1.76

1.80

1.86

1.92

2.01

Denmark

1.69

1.68

1.66

1.78

1.91

Austria

1.53

1.71

1.74

1.79

1.89

Germany

1.74

1.72

1.77

1.77

1.85

Iceland

na

1.43

1.59

1.47

1.45

Australia

0.94

1.04

1.16

1.26

1.34

Luxembourg

1.43

1.35

1.42

1.32

1.32

Belgium

1.28

1.25

1.29

1.32

1.32

France

1.36

1.30

1.32

1.29

1.27

United Kingdom

1.06

1.06

1.08

1.15

1.10

Canada

1.18

1.15

1.11

1.04

1.00

Ireland

0.81

0.82

0.83

0.85

0.93

Czech Republic

0.78

0.89

1.01

0.95

0.91

Netherlands

1.03

1.01

1.01

0.97

0.89

Norway

0.87

0.82

0.82

0.88

0.87

Portugal

0.28

0.31

0.47

0.62

0.76

Spain

0.58

0.60

0.67

0.71

0.74

Italy

0.52

0.55

0.55

0.61

0.60

New Zealand

na

0.48

na

0.51

na

Hungary

0.36

0.41

0.48

0.49

0.53

Turkey

0.13

0.20

0.22

0.30

0.32

Slovak Republic

0.25

0.25

0.21

0.18

0.20

Mexico

0.17

0.19

0.19

0.18

na

Poland

0.16

0.18

0.18

0.17

0.19

Greece

0.17

0.18

0.18

0.16

na

Total OECD

1.47

1.50

1.55

1.58

1.63


na not available
(a)     Except for Australia, the BERD/GDP ratios shown for OECD countries are sourced from Main Science and Technology Indicators 2010/1, OECD. Ratios for Australia have been calculated using the most recent ABS values for BERD and GDP.
(b) BERD/GDP ratios for some countries are projected or estimated as per the OECD source table.
(c) Countries are ranked by the most recent available BERD/GDP ratio.
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