Western Australia Water Consumption 2008-09

Western Australia Water Consumption 2008-09

Australian Bureau Of Statistics

Water Account Australia 2008-09 Western Australia

Victor P Taffa

  • Water consumption in Western Australia was 1,371 GL in 2008-09, a decrease of 8% compared to 2004-05 when water consumption was 1,495 GL.
  • In Western Australia, total water consumption was 611 KL per capita, this is below the Australian average of 642 KL per capita.
  • In Western Australia the Gross State Product was $131 Million per GL of water consumed. This was the second highest of the States and Territories, above the Australian average of $89 Million per GL.
  • Western Australia households recorded the third lowest average water price paying on average $1.64 per KL in 2008-09 and below the Australian average of $1.93 per KL.
  • Agricultural activities consumed 363 GL of water or 26% of the total water consumption in Western Australia. This is a 32% decrease compared to 2004-05 (535 GL).
  • The gross value of irrigated agriculture was $846 million in 2008-09.
  • Households consumed 362 GL of water or 24% of total water consumption in 2008-09, a small decrease when compared to 2004-05 (363 GL).
  • Household water consumption per capita was the second highest of any State or Territory at 145 KL per person, and above the Australia average of 81 KL per person.
  • Western Australia used the largest amount of self-extracted water for households in Australia with 27% (87 GL) of household water use coming from a self-extracted source (mostly garden bores).
  • Western Australia had the highest amount of distributed water originating from a groundwater source of all States and Territories, with 183 GL or 29% of total distributed supply originating from groundwater in Western Australia.
  • The supply of desalinated water was 33 GL in 2008-09. Western Australia was the only State with large scale desalination plants in full operation in 2008-09.
  • Distribution water losses were 104 GL or 16% of total distributed supply.
  • The use of reuse water increased from 18 GL in 2004-05 to 19 GL in 2008-09. The use of reuse water in water supply, sewerage and drainage services increased substantially from 2004-05 to 2008-09 (100 ML to 1,777 ML respectively).
  • There was an increase in the amount of water consumed by the mining industry from 183 GL in 2004-05 to 257 GL in 2008-09. This was largely due to an increase in water use by the metal ore mining industry which consumed 169 GL.
  • The manufacturing industry consumed 61 GL of water. The largest use of water within this industry was for metal product manufacturing (30 GL).
  • 1,734 GL of water was used for hydro-electricity generation, but this is in-stream use and is not included in the water consumption total for the state. The electricity and gas industry consumed 27 GL of water in 2008-09.