New South Wales Water Consumption 2008-09

New South Wales Water Consumption 2008-09

Australian Bureau Of Statistics

Water Account Australia 2008–09 New South Wales

Victor P Taffa

  • Water consumption for New South Wales was higher than any other State or Territory in 2008-09, amounting to 4,562 GL or 32% of total water consumption in Australia. However, this has decreased 23% from 2004-05, when water consumption was 5,922 GL.
  • In New South Wales, total water consumption was 639 KL per capita, this is below the Australian average of 642 KL per capita.
  • In New South Wales the Gross State Product was $87 million per GL of water consumed. This is below the Australian average of $89 million per GL.
  • New South Wales households recorded the highest expenditure ($1,002 million) on urban distributed water. New South Wales households also recorded the highest net use of urban distributed and reuse water (510 GL).
  • New South Wales households recorded the fourth highest average water price paying on average $1.96 per KL in 2008-09. This is above the Australian average of $1.93 per KL.
  • Agricultural activities consumed 2,106 GL or 46% of the total volume consumed for New South Wales, a decrease of 49% from 2004-05 when agriculture consumed 4,133 GL.
  • The gross value of irrigated agriculture in New South Wales in 2008-09 was $2,181 million or 18% of the Australian total.
  • Household consumption of water was 536 GL in 2008-09, or 12% of total water consumption. Household water consumption in New South Wales decreased by 6% since 2004-05 (573 GL).
  • Household water use per capita was 75 KL, the equal third lowest of all States and Territories, and a decrease from 84 KL per capita in 2004-05.
  • Water providers in New South Wales supplied 3,568 GL of distributed water in 2008-09. The largest user of distributed water in New South Wales were the water supply industry (1,303 GL or 37%), with households also using a significant volume (508 GL or 14%).
  • The Water supply industry was also a significant user of water, consuming 1,329 GL or 29% of total consumption. Water losses constituted the majority of this, and amounted to 1,295 GL or 36% of distributed water supply for the State.
  • Water releases for environmental benefits were reported at 298 GL. This is an increase from 97 GL in 2004-05.
  • New South Wales ranked second highest in use of reuse water against other States or Territories in 2008-09 at 96 GL (second only to Victoria which used 116 GL). However this represents a decrease of 51% from 2004-05 where the use of reuse water was 194 GL.
  • The decrease in reuse water is due to a decline in the supply of reuse water by rural water suppliers from 139 GL in 2004-05 to 29 GL in 2008-09, a 79% decrease.
  • There were increases in the use of reuse water by water supply industry (from 10 GL to 25 GL) and manufacturing (from less than 1 GL to 10 GL).
  • New South Wales had the highest use of reuse water by households (2 GL) of all States and Territories.
  • The manufacturing industry consumed 150 GL of water in 2008-09, an increase of 19% since 2004-05. The largest uses within the manufacturing industry was for food, beverage and tobacco (78 GL) followed by primary metal, metal and fabricated metal (25 GL) and petroleum, coal, basic chemical and chemical products (21 GL).
  • The mining industry consumed 66 GL of water in 2008-09, an increase of 5% since 2004-05 (63 GL). The largest use within the mining industry was for coal mining (39 GL or 58%).
  • The electricity and gas industry used a total of 6,595 GL of water however most of this was used in-stream (6,449 GL) and is not included in the water consumption total for the State. Water consumption was 92 GL or 2% of total consumption, an increase from 75 GL in 2004-05.