House Of Representatives Redistribution 2014

House Of Representatives Redistribution 2014

Acting Australian Electoral Commissioner Tom Rogers

Determination Of Membership Entitlement To The House Of Representatives

Victor P Taffa

  • New South Wales House Of Representatives Seats Decreases From 48 to 47
  • Western Australia House Of Representatives Seats Increases From 15 to 16

A redistribution of federal electoral boundaries will be required in New South Wales and Western Australia following a determination under the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 of the number of members of the House of Representatives each state and territory will be entitled to at the next federal election.

 

 

Acting Electoral Commissioner, Mr. Tom Rogers made the determination today based on the most recent official population figures for the Commonwealth published and provided to him by the acting Australian Statistician.

“The figures show the population has increased sufficiently to result in Western Australia (WA) increasing its entitlement from 15 to 16 seats. At the same time, the entitlement for New South Wales (NSW) will reduce from 48 to 47 seats.” Mr. Rogers said.

The total number of members to be elected to the House of Representatives at the next federal election will remain unchanged at 150 members.

A redistribution of federal electoral boundaries in the ACT is also required as more than seven years have elapsed since the last redistribution. The redistribution, due in December 2013, was deferred at the time by the Australian Electoral Commission as the population projections suggested the ACT might possibly gain a third seat at the 2014 determination. However, following today’s determination the entitlement for the ACT remains unchanged at two members.

Mr. Rogers said the Australian Electoral Commission will soon direct the commencement of federal redistribution processes in WA, NSW and the ACT.

“Redistribution Committees will be appointed and the public will be invited to make suggestions and comments on matters affecting the drawing of federal electoral boundaries and the naming of electoral divisions in these two states and the ACT.” Mr. Rogers said.

Redistribution processes normally take a number of months and new federal electoral boundaries for NSW, WA and the ACT are not expected to be finalised until late 2015 or early 2016.

Redistributions

A redistribution is a redrawing of electoral boundaries to ensure, as near as practicable:

  • Each state and territory gains representation in the House of Representatives in proportion to their population,
  • There are a similar number of electors in each electoral division for a given state or territory.

A redistribution is required when:

  • The number of members in the House of Representatives to which a state or territory is entitled has changed (population change)
  • The number of electors in more than one third of the electoral divisions in a state (or one of the electoral divisions in the ACT or the Northern Territory) deviates from the average divisional enrolment by over ten per cent for a period of more than two months, or
  • A period of seven years has elapsed since the last redistribution.

Calculating Representation Entitlements Of States And Territories

Under the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 (the Electoral Act), the Electoral Commissioner is required to use the latest official published statistics of the Commonwealth to ascertain the Australian population on the day after the one year anniversary of the first meeting of the House of Representatives.

The Electoral Commissioner then makes a determination of the number of members of the House of Representatives each state is entitled to. A similar exercise is used to calculate the entitlements of the territories.

Population Quota

State and territory entitlements are calculated by dividing the total population figure for the Commonwealth, excluding territory populations, by twice the number of Senators for the states to obtain the population quota.

Total population of the six states / (Number of Senators for the states x 2) = Population quota

Number of House of Representatives members per state or territory

The population of each state and territory is then divided by the population quota, and the result rounded to the nearest whole number to determine the number of members of the House of the Representatives the state or territory is entitled to.

Total population of individual state or territory / Population quota = Number of members

Note: In calculating the number of members of the House of Representatives for a state or territory, if the remainder is more than 0.5, the figure for the number of members is rounded up. If the remainder is less than or equal to 0.5, the figure is rounded down (i.e. 2.5 = 2 members, and 2.52 = 3 members).

Population Of The Commonwealth

The number of the people of the Commonwealth and of the several states and territories were ascertained on 13 November 2014
State/Territory Number of the people1
States
New South Wales 7,500,617
Victoria 5,821,269
Queensland 4,708,510
Western Australia 2,565,588
South Australia 1,682,635
Tasmania 514,684
Territories2
Australian Capital Territory3 4 386,092
Northern Territory4 243,689
Australian Antarctic Territory 102
Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands 0
Coral Sea Islands Territory 4
Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands 0
The Commonwealth5 22,793,303

The Population Quota

Under section 48(2)(a) of the Electoral Act, the population quota is the number of the people of the Commonwealth divided by twice the number of Senators for the states.

Number of people of the Commonwealth (total population of the six states) = 22,793,303

Twice the number of Senators for the states = 144

Population Quota = 158 286.8264 (as at 13 November 2014)

The Entitlement Determination

The number of members of the House of Representatives to be chosen in each state and territory was determined on 13 November 2014 by dividing the number of people in each state and territory by the quota and rounding the result to the nearest whole number.
State/Territory6 Total Population Population Quota Result Members Change
New South Wales 7,500,617 158 286.8264 47.3862 47 -1
Victoria 5,821,269 158 286.8264 36.7767 37
Queensland 4,708,510 158 286.8264 29.7467 30
Western Australia 2,565,588 158 286.8264 16.2085 16 +1
South Australia 1,682,635 158 286.8264 10.6303 11
Tasmania7 514,684 158 286.8264 3.2516 5
Australian Capital Territory8 9 386,092 158 286.8264 2.4392 2
Northern Territory9 10 246,478 158 286.8264 1.5572 2
Total number of members of the House of Representatives 150  

 

  1. This ascertainment has been made using statistics supplied to the acting Electoral Commissioner by the acting Australian Statistician on 22 October 2014 in accordance with section 47 of the Electoral Act and published in the Australian Demographics Statistics, March 2014 Quarter (ABS Cat. no.3101.0) Table 8 on 25 September 2014.
  2. Under section 38A of the Electoral Act, the territory of Norfolk Island is not taken to be a territory for the purposes of this ascertainment.
  3. Under sub-section 4(1) of the Electoral Act, the Jervis Bay territory is taken to be part of the ACT.
  4. Under sub-section 46(2) of the Electoral Act, a Norfolk Island resident who is enrolled in a territory under sub-section 95AA(3) of the Electoral Act is included in the count of the population of the territory for the purposes of this ascertainment.
  5. Under section 45 of the Electoral Act the total number of people of the Commonwealth does not include the numbers of people of the territories.
  6. Under section 38A of the Electoral Act the territory of Norfolk Island is not taken to be a territory for the purposes of this determination.
  7. Tasmania is guaranteed a minimum of five members under section 24 of the Constitution.
  8. Under sub-section 4(1) of the Electoral Act the Jervis Bay territory is taken to be part of the ACT.
  9. Under sub-section 46(2) of the Electoral Act, a Norfolk Island resident who is enrolled in a territory under sub-section 95AA(3) of the Electoral Act is also included in the count of the population of the territory for the purposes of this determination.
  10. Under sub-section 48(2C) of the Electoral Act, the territories of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island are taken for the purposes of this determination to be part of the Northern Territory because they lack sufficient population to qualify for representation in their own right.