Australian Tennis Open Women’s Singles Champion 1922-2018

Australian Tennis Open Women’s Singles Champion 1922-2018

Australia Has Not Won An Australian Women’s Singles Tournament Since 1978

Victor P Taffa

Australian Open Male Singles Tennis Champions Before And After Introduction Of Open Era In May 1968

  • 10 is No. Of Australian Open Champions 1969-2018
  • 33 is No. Of Australian Open Champions 1922-1968
  • 40 is No. Of Opens Australians Did Not Win 1969-2018
  • 9 is No. Of Opens Australians Did Not Win 1922-1968
  • 50 is Total No. Of Opens Contested 1969-2018
  • 42 is Total No. Of Opens Contested 1922-1968
  • 0 is No. Of Opens Missed During World War I
  • 5 is No. Of Opens Missed During World War II
  • 1 is No. Of Opens Missed By Moving Open Date in 1986

Prior to the introduction of the Professional era in Tennis from 1968 Australia dominated in all of the Major Championships whether it was singles or doubles.

Yet once players were paid a professional wage Australia’s performance began to decline and other countries that had never been a force in Tennis began to improve.

Some people might try to say that the introduction of the Open Era improved Australian Tennis. Yet the opposite has occurred. While reading and entering in names of Championship winners it is quite obvious to see periods of rivalry between players and periods of domination in victories by players. Australian Tennis has gone backwards since 1968 and the introduction of the Open Era.

People who thought that the introduction of the Open Era in 1968 would continue our golden age of success in Tennis have proved to be wrong. Quite clearly competitiveness and rivalry was as strong in Major Championships before 1968 as much as after 1968 yet Australia as a Tennis Nation has declined.

However if everyone from the very top of Tennis Australia cared then this can be turned around. One or two players having success is not exactly what I mean. Tennis Australia needs to ensure that our years of dominance are restored by making Tennis the game of choice for young people to play. Restored domination of tennis by Australia will not be achieved overnight.

Earning a professional wage is not to be looked down upon. However once players such as John Newcombe, Tony Roche, Ken Rosewall and Margaret Court had retired and who played beyond 1968 there was no succession plan for the next golden era of Australian Tennis.

Rather than a succession plan for a golden era it was a succession plan of failure for Australian Tennis.

Along with this Tennis Administrators have been more interested in

  • Changing the Australian Open from Grass to Hard Court,
  • Changing the month that the Open was held in 1977,
  • Changing the month that the Open was held leaving 1986 without an Open,
  • No Mixed Doubles Australian Open played from 1970-85 that affected continuity of performances.

Australian Open was held from 19-29 January 1968. Open Era began with French Open in 1968. Yet there were 2 Australian Opens in 1977 and none in 1986 while wondering why Australian Tennis is failing. Not to mention that no Australian Open Mixed Doubles were held from 1970-85. Australian Tennis Administration has been a big part of the problem.

World Wars I & II

Gaps caused by World Wars 1 & II were entirely different situations to a lack of performance by Australia in Major Championships since 1976. Players who won Major Championships before World War II returned to form and dominated after the war.

John Bromwich and Adrian Quist

John Bromwich and Adrian Quist won Australian Open Men’s Doubles in 1938, 39 and 1940. Competitions were not played in 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944 and 1945 yet they both returned to dominate Australian Open Mens Doubles in 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949 and 1950.

If these two men can maintain form given a 5 year gap of World War II what does that say about Australian Tennis in 2018?

Thelma Coyne Long and Nancye Wynne Bolton

Thelma Coyne Long and Nancye Wynne Bolton won Australian Open Women’s Doubles in 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939 and 1940. Competitions were not played in 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944 and 1945 yet they both returned to dominate Australian Open Womens Doubles in 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951 and 1952.

If these two ladies can maintain form given a 5 year gap of World War II what does that say about Australian Tennis in 2018?

Historic Tennis venues such as White City in Sydney have been lost which means more than just nostalgia. When you chip away at a house foundation you weaken the structure and the house ends up falling down.

Some reasons for the ongoing failure of Australian Tennis Players at Major Championships include:

  • Coaching Failures,
  • Entry of Tennis into Olympic Games again,
  • Increased competition from other sports,
  • Lack of Hunger from Players,
  • Lack of Player motivation,
  • Level of Money not balanced towards winning a Major Championship,
  • Level of Money offered seen as a sign of success and unrelated to winning a Major Championship,
  • Poor Tennis Administration not focused on Player success,
  • Surface of Australian Open switched away from Grass,
  • Tennis Courts ripped up and replaced with Blocks of Home Units,
  • Tennis seen as an old sport.

Tennis is similar to running a Marathon Running Event of 42 Km.

Running for 5 Sets requires stamina, fitness and explosive speed.

Editor Victor P Taffa includes his sporting background to add weight to his comments on the lack of success by Australian Tennis Players at Major Championships since 1969.

Sporting Background Of Editor Victor P Taffa includes:

  • 1972 Played as a Rugby Union Breakaway with St. Therese Denistone Primary School
  • 1977 North Melbourne v Collingwood VFL Grand Final Watched for First Time Live on Colour TV in Sydney
  • 1978 Started Following Richmond Tigers VFL
  • 1980 Played at Right Forward Pocket with UAFSC
  • 1990 Became Member of Richmond Tigers AFL
  • 1990-95 Swimmer with Balmain Leagues Swimming Club Best Times 50 Metres in 50 Seconds
  • 1996 Began Richmond Tigers Greater Sydney Supporters Club
  • 2000 Boundary Umpire with the Sydney Premier Division Competition
  • 2001 City-Surf 14 Km Run Time: 79 min 36 sec
  • 2002 City-Surf 14 Km Run Time: 74 min 28 sec
  • 2001 Gladesville Fun Run 10 km Time: 53 min 04 sec
  • 2001 Sydney Marathon 42 km Time: 4.09.33
  • 2002 Sydney Marathon 42 km Time: 4.07.09

Hardest job to do in Australian Rules Football is Boundary Umpire as it requires the most amount of running.

Best Footballers are those who are the Fittest.

Best Tennis Players are those who are the Fittest.

In decades past this was not the case however the way Football and Tennis has gone means a Player fitness level has to increase.

In running the 2001 and 2002 City-Surf came from weeks of training and I did not have a coach.

In running the 2001 and 2002 Sydney Marathon came from weeks of training and I did not have a coach.

However Victor only ran both events in the following year to see if my first effort wasn’t a fluke.

Victor ran a PB in both events.

Tennis in Australia it would appear is going backwards. If Australia was producing a succession of players who were winning any of the 4 Major Championships in recent years then people could say Victor is wrong.

Tennis in Australia needs to lift its game and results.

 

Australian Open Women’s Singles Champion

Australian Open is an annual tennis tournament created in 1905 and played on outdoor hard courts at Melbourne Park in Melbourne, Australia.

Women’s singles was first contested in 1922 along with the women’s and mixed doubles competition as the last 3 events to be added.

Australian Open is played during two weeks mid-January, and has been chronologically the first of the four Grand Slam tournaments of the tennis season since 1987.

Event was not held from 1940-1945 because of World War II and 1986 because Tennis Australia wanted to move the tournament start from mid-December 1986 to mid-January 1987.

History

Perth, Brisbane, Adelaide, Sydney, and Melbourne, Australia have all held the event. The competition switched locations every year before it settled in 1972 at the Kooyong Stadium, moving to Flinders Park, now Melbourne Park, in 1988.

Several calendar changes took place for the Australian Open, from January to December in 1972 to bypass the January-to-June International Lawn Tennis Federation (ITLF) ban of World Championship Tennis (WCT) players; from late to early December in 1977 to avoid the Christmas holidays, which resulted in having two Opens in the season; and back to January, when the planned December 1986 edition was moved to early 1987, leaving no Open for the 1986 season.

Court surface changed once, from grass (1922–1987) to hard courts, since the move to Flinders Park in 1988. No tennis player has won this event on grass and Rebound Ace, although Serena Williams is the only player to win the tournament on two different surfaces, winning her first three titles on Rebound Ace and her last four on Plexicushion.

Champion receives a miniature replica of the Daphne Akhurst Memorial Cup, named after the 5-time champion, which was first awarded to the champion in 1934. In 2010, the winner received prize money of AU$2,100,100.

 

Champions

Year                Champion                                          Runner-up

2018                Caroline Wozniacki (DEN)                 Simona Halep (ROM)

2017                Serena Williams (USA)                       Venus Williams (USA)

2016                Angelique Kerber (GER)                    Serena Williams (USA)

2015                Serena Williams (USA)                       Maria Sharapova (RUS)

2014                Li-Na (CHI)                                        Dominika Cibulkova (SLA)

2013                Victoria Azarenka (BEL)                    Li-Na (CHI)

2012                Victoria Azarenka (BEL)                    Maria Sharapova (RUS)

2011                Kim Clijsters (BE)                                Li-Na (CHI)

2010                Serena Williams (USA)                       Justine Henin (BE)

2009                Serena Williams (USA)                       Dinara Safina (RUS)

2008                Maria Sharapova (RUS)                      Ana Ivanovic (SER)

2007                Serena Williams (USA)                       Maria Sharapova (RUS)

2006                Amelie Mauresmo (FRA)                   Justine Henin (BE)

2005                Serena Williams (USA)                       Lindsay Davenport (USA)

2004                Justine Henin (BE)                              Kim Clijsters (BE)

2003                Serena Williams (USA)                       Venus Williams (USA)

2002                Jennifer Capriati (USA)                      Martina Hingis (SWI)

2001                Jennifer Capriati (USA)                      Martina Hingis (SWI)

2000                Lindsay Davenport (USA)                 Martina Hingis (SWI)

1999                Martina Hingis (SWI)                         Amelie Mauresmo (FRA)

1998                Martina Hingis (SWI)                         Conchita Martinez (SPA)

1997                Martina Hingis (SWI)                         Mary Pierce (FRA)

1996                Monica Seles (USA)                           Anke Huber (GER)

1995                Mary Pierce (FRA)                             Arantxa Sanchez Vicario (SPA)

1994                Steffi Graf (WEG)                              Arantxa Sanchez Vicario (SPA)

1993                Monica Seles (YUG)                          Steffi Graf (WEG)

1992                Monica Seles (YUG)                          Mary Joe Fernandez (USA)

1991                Monica Seles (YUG)                          Jana Novotna (CZE)

1990                Steffi Graf (WEG)                              Mary Joe Fernandez (USA)

1989                Steffi Graf (WEG)                              Helena Sukova (CZE)

1988                Steffi Graf (WEG)                              Chris Evert (USA)

1987                Hans Mandlikova (CZE)                    Martina Navratilova (USA)

1986                None

1985                Martina Navratilova (USA)                Chris Evert (USA)

1984                Chris Evert (USA)                              Helena Sukova (CZE)

1983                Martina Navratilova (USA)                Kathy Jordan (USA)

1982                Chris Evert (USA)                              Martina Navratilova (USA)

1981                Martina Navratilova (USA)                Chris Evert (USA)

1980                Hans Mandlikova (CZE)                    Wendy Turnbull (AUS)

1979                Barbara Jordan (USA)                      Sharon Walsh (USA)

1978                Chris O’Neil (AUS)                            Betsy Nagelsen (USA)

1977 (Jan)       Kerry Melville Reid (AUS)                Dianne Fromholtz (AUS)

1977 (Dec)      Evonne Goolagong (AUS)                 Helen Gourlay (AUS)

1976                Evonne Goolagong (AUS)                 Renata Tomanova (CZE)

1975                Evonne Goolagong (AUS)                 Martina Navratilova (CZE)

1974                Evonne Goolagong (AUS)                 Chris Evert (USA)

1973                Margaret Court (AUS)                        Evonne Goolagong (AUS)

1972                Virginia Wade (UK)                           Evonne Goolagong (AUS)

1971                Margaret Court (AUS)                        Evonne Goolagong (AUS)

1970                Margaret Court (AUS)                        Kerry Melville (AUS)

1969                Margaret Court (AUS)                        Billie Jean King (USA)

Australian Open 1969-

Open Era Tennis Begins May 1968

1968 Australian Open Held From 19-29 January 1968

1968                Billie Jean King (USA)                       Margaret Court (AUS)

1967                Nancy Richey (USA)                          Lesley Turner Bowrey (AUS)

1966                Margaret Smith (AUS)                       Nancy Richey (USA)

1965                Margaret Smith (AUS)                       Maria Bueno (BRA)

1964                Margaret Smith (AUS)                       Lesley Turner Bowrey (AUS)

1963                Margaret Smith (AUS)                       Jan Lehane (AUS)

1962                Margaret Smith (AUS)                       Jan Lehane (AUS)

1961                Margaret Smith (AUS)                       Jan Lehane (AUS)

1960                Margaret Smith (AUS)                       Jan Lehane (AUS)

1959                Mary Carter Reitano (AUS)               Renee Schuurman (SA)

1958                Angela Mortimer (UK)                       Lorraine Coghlan (AUS)

1957                Shirley Fry Irvin (USA)                      Althea Gibson (USA)

1956                Mary Carter Reitano (AUS)               Thelma Coyne Long (AUS)

1955                Beryl Penrose (AUS)                          Thelma Coyne Long (AUS)

1954                Thelma Coyne Long (AUS)                Jenny Staley (AUS)

1953                Maureen Connolly (USA)                   Julia Sampson Hayward (USA)

1952                Thelma Coyne Long (AUS)                Helen Angwin (AUS)

1951                Nancye Wynne Bolton (AUS)            Thelma Coyne Long (AUS)

1950                Louise Brough (USA)                         Doris Hart (USA)

1949                Doris Hart (USA)                               Nancye Wynne Bolton (AUS)

1948                Nancye Wynne Bolton (AUS)            Marie Toomey (AUS)

1947                Nancye Wynne Bolton (AUS)            Nell Hall Hopman (AUS)

1946                Nancye Wynne Bolton (AUS)            Joyce Fitch (AUS)

1945                No competition

1944                No competition

1943                No competition

1942                No competition

1941                No competition

1940                Nancye Wynne Bolton (AUS)            Thelma Coyne Long (AUS)

1939                Emily Hood Westacott (AUS)           Nell Hall Hopman (AUS)

1938                Dorothy Cheney (USA)                      Dorothy Stevenson (AUS)

1937                Nancye Wynne Bolton (AUS)            Emily Hood Westacott (AUS)

1936                Joan Hartigan (AUS)                          Nancye Wynne Bolton (AUS)

1935                Dorothy Round (UK)                         Nancy Lyle (UK)

1934                Joan Hartigan (AUS)                          Margaret Molesworth (AUS)

1933                Joan Hartigan (AUS)                          Coral Buttsworth (AUS)

1932                Coral Buttsworth (AUS)                    Kathleen Le Messurier (AUS)

1931                Coral Buttsworth (AUS)                    Marjorie Cox Crawford (AUS)

1930                Daphne Akhurst (AUS)                      Sylvia Lance Harper (AUS)

1929                Daphne Akhurst (AUS)                      Louie Bickerton (AUS)

1928                Daphne Akhurst (AUS)                      Esna Boyd (AUS)

1927                Esna Boyd (AUS)                               Sylvia Lance Harper (AUS)

Australian Championships 1927-1968

1926                Daphne Akhurst (AUS)                      Esna Boyd (AUS)

1925                Daphne Akhurst (AUS)                      Esna Boyd (AUS)

1924                Sylvia Lance Harper (AUS)                Esna Boyd (AUS)

1923                Margaret Molesworth (AUS)              Esna Boyd (AUS)

1922                Margaret Molesworth (AUS)              Esna Boyd (AUS)

Australasian Championships 1922-1926

 

Multiple Champions

Player                                             Amateur Era Open Era       All-Time         Years

Margaret Smith Court (AUS)            7                      4                      11                    1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1973,

Serena Williams (USA)                       0                      7                      7                      2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2015, 2017,

Nancye Wynne Bolton (AUS)            6                      0                      6                      1937, 1940, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1951,

Daphne Akhurst Cozens (AUS)         5                      0                      5                      1925, 1926, 1928, 1929, 1930,

Evonne Goolagong Cawley (AUS)    0                      4                      4                      1974, 1975, 1976, 1977 (Dec)

Steffi Graf (WEG)                               0                      4                      4                      1988, 1989, 1990, 1994,

Monica Seles (YUG, USA)                 0                      4                      4                      1991, 1992, 1993, 1996,

Joan Hartigan Bathurst (AUS)           3                      0                      3                      1933, 1934, 1936,

Martina Hingis (SWI)                         0                      3                      3                      1997, 1998, 1999,

Martina Navratilova (USA)                0                      3                      3                      1981, 1983, 1985,

Victoria Azarenka (BEL)                    0                      2                      2                      2012, 2013,

Coral Buttsworth (AUS)                    2                      0                      2                      1931, 1932,

Jennifer Capriati (USA)                   0                      2                      2                      2001, 2002,

Chris Evert (USA)                              0                      2                      2                      1982, 1984,

Thelma Coyne Long (AUS)                2                      0                      2                      1952, 1954,

Hans Mandlikova (CZE)                    0                      2                      2                      1980, 1987,

Margaret Molesworth (AUS)              2                      0                      2                      1922, 1923,

Mary Carter Reitano (AUS)               2                      0                      2                      1956, 1959,

 

Abbreviations

AUS                Australia

AU                  Austria

BAH               Bahamas

BEL                Belarus

BE                   Belgium

BRA                Brazil

CAN               Canada

CHI                 China

CRO                Croatia

CZE                Czech Republic

CZE                Czechoslovakia

DEN                Denmark

ECU                Ecuador

FIN                 Finland

FRA                France

GER                Germany

HUN               Hungary

IND                 India

ISR                  Israel

ITA                 Italy

JAP                 Japan

MEX               Mexico

NAZ                Nazi Germany

NET                The Netherlands

PER                 Peru

POL                Poland

ROM               Romania

RUS                Russia

SA                   South Africa

SER                 Serbia

SLA                Slovakia

SPA                 Spain

SWE                Sweden

SWI                 Switzerland

UK                  United Kingdom

URU               Uruguay

USA                United States of America

WEG               West Germany

YUG               Yugoslavia

ZIM                 Zimbabwe